Although this is more about the long term, how are you going to get to “the long term?” Individuals will see to their shelters early on, so you need to focus on three key areas as a community to ensure success.
Hunting parties and Gatherers will find early sources of food. Ration food well!
Water is extremely important, and you need to set up to an abundant supply, such as rivers, lakes, streams, underground springs, etc.
At this time in the world, there are limited supplies. Everyone will be fighting for those supplies. You will need a great early defense strategy to protect early key people and your supplies and storage.
This is a harsh time. Everyone is tired, thirsty, and malnourished. Sickness and injuries will be large. Medical is a must.
When you get past the initial stages of your group’s survival, things will settle just a bit. Spirits will pick up, but everyone will still be struggleing. People will naturally start falling into place.
For the leader that is prepaired, you can use the group dynamic to ensure total survival. You MUST pay attention to the following aspects of your community’s survival.
You need to keep everyone energetic and hydrated to ensure total productivity. You do this by keeping people fed and hydrated. You also do this by treating them as PEOPLE, not slaves.
In the short term, you will be looking for water wherever you can. Rivers, lakes, and streams are your best sources initially.
You will need to send out hunters, gatherers, and trappers to obtain food. You will need to ration, so you don’t kill out the population of animals in your area.
Eventually the group will need to work on getting easier access to water supplies and filtration along with using land for food production.
Builder trades, electricians, engineers or architects, and ditch diggers for water systems.
Hunters/Trappers, Farmers, Ranchers, Military/Police for security, Veterinarians, auto mechanics for equipment, blacksmiths for mills or plows, and workers for gardening and harvesting are all trades that will be great for getting food.
Filtration Media and large containers for your water filtration.
Land, plows, shovels, seed, scrap or iron, security items, and fencing for food.
Allow people to take care of themselves for personal, short-term shelters. As a group, begin building community buildings and areas.
In the short term, people will build or find their own shelters. They will create primitive shelters and use tents or tarps… whatever is available. Some will have the ability to build nice solid structures.
As the group recovers, they will need to focus on building more permanent shelters close to water and food sources and creating a center meeting point. It could be a structure, or a nice outdoors area around a fire.
Carpenters, builders, blacksmiths, lumberjacks, will be needed early on. Civil engineers and security personnel will be needed as consultants for the strength and defense of the community. Everything will need to be built with future growth and defense strategies in mind.
Lumber and/or clay, nails, hammers, roping and other items will be needed. Nails will be like gold. Early Settlers used to burn their old buildings, and sift through the charred remains to find the nails that were left, so they could use them to build their new home after they get there.
Early in development, the group will need a solid security detail that can protect all of the workers. Everyone will carry personal protection items, from knives, to guns, to clubs, and more so they can protect themselves when under attack.
Eventually, the group should develop a more organization of militia with great training for members. The militia will be responsible for basic training for the entire community.
The community will need to build security measures to keep others out and will need to designing exit strategies.
For feet on the ground, you will need people that know shooting, combat response, sniping, pistol fighting, basic ordinances and explosives. Bullets may be low, but if you have trained people, you can save ammunition in a fight. Explosive techs would be a great addition for their understanding of how powder will react in many different situations.
People with solid military tactics will be needed for leading, and will need to train others in team movements and maneuvers for a solid battle foundation.
Gunsmithing and blacksmithing will be vital for weaponry. If you can find someone who is skilled at powder making, you found a very valuable person.
For security communications, you will want amateur radio operators. You will also need electronics experts to fix broken communication equipment.
Building supplies, Firearms, and powder will all be needed to strengthen defense. At least 20% of your community members will need to be trained.
Eventually, the group should attempt to find tactical supplies, such as vests, packs, vision enhancers, and more radios.
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