The military weapon is but one of the means that serve the purposes of war: one out of the assortment which grand strategy can employ. – Sir Basil H. Liddel-Hart (Strategy, 1954)
Ambush Provides You with the Element of Surprise
Take advantage of concealment and the element of surprise to attack unsuspecting enemy combatants. All you have to do is find a concealed position like dense under-brush or behind hilltops and you can ambush with success. It has been extremely effective throughout history.
Whether you are Hunting or in Combat, the Ambush is Valuable
Ambush techniques were used two million years ago by early humans when they hunt.
This technique was also the deciding factor of the Roman defeat in the Battle of the Trebia and another in the Battle of the Teutoburg Gorest where the Germans used obstacles to reroute the Romans into a “Kill Zone.”
Planning an Ambush is Possible and This Is How…
First, Identify a suitable kill zone.
This is where the ambush will be laid. The enemy expects to pass here. It looks reasonable and passable.
This zone should provide reasonable cover for the assault force (you) to deploy, execute and extract.
What type of Ambush Geometry will you use?
This is based on the type of terrain and what the entry and exit points look like. Choose the best geometry for the job and you will kick up your chance of success.
Linear: This is where everyone is equal distance from the linear kill zone.
L-Shaped: Looks similar to the linear, except firing units are placed to fire the entire length of the kill zone.
V-Shaped: You place firing units away from the kill zone at the end. Firing units lay bands of interlocking and intersecting fire. Do this when the enemy is well into the kill zone. It is extremely difficult for the enemy to leave the zone with fire coming at an angle from both sides.
Think about These Simple Criteria to Choose Ambush Terrain.
- You must be able to conceal yourself from ground or air detection.
- Your Force have to be able to deploy, encircle and divide the enemy.
- You have to be able to stage for ammunition and weapons to sustain your fire.
- Your team should be able to set up observation teams for early enemy detection.
- Terrain must provide for secret movement to ambush position, and removal of troops during withdrawal.
Setting Up Your Team with Knowledge gained from Viet Cong
It is best to set up your ambush unit with five different teams/roles.
- An armed Group in front of the enemy (lead-blocking element)
- An armed Group behind the enemy (rear-blocking element)
- An armed group for the main assault (main-assault element)
- Teams that can detect the enemy early (observation posts)
- A team set up in a secure location as a Command Post.
You could use a sniper screen along entry points to delay enemy reinforcements.
You can use a leapfrogging recon technique, like what I explained in my post.
You know what you should do when setting one up. Time to Practice.
Where would you choose to put your teams and what terrain criteria would you meet at your home or bug out location?
Do you have the situational awareness in stores or restaurants to determine the best location for this tactic in a shooter scenario?