Advanced Tactics: Situational Awareness & Home Self Defense from Tim
I like when experts make small easy to swallow lists to assist everyone in their advanced tactics training. Tactics are not just offensive, but definitely play a HUGE role in the defensive side of confrontation. When they make lists like this and give good examples, it makes my head swim with ideas on what they are talking about and how to implement their suggestions at home (Things like situational awareness and self defense at home). Just recently, I have been thinking about family defense training, and just so happen to hear/read two different podcast/post on basics that I could start putting in place with my family now and building upon later with some professional advice from time to time. Let’s get into some tactics:
Advanced Tactics: Situational Awareness & Home Self Defense from Donald Branum
6 Tactical Concepts That I heard on TSP from The Illinois Model:
- Priority of Fire- The guy in front is priority. In the back you don’t shoot. If they are in trouble in front and want help, they need to kneel down, so they are no longer on the same shooting plane as the guy in the back. You allow multiple people the priority of fire if you change the shooting plane.
- Cross Fire- Cross Fire is a bad scenario. This is a position that you cannot shoot from, because of the obvious risk. It really doesn’t do very much good to surround the perpetrator with a cross fire, because it is just as easy to hit your teammate. This is a scenario that the “vector” of shooting is opposite, but the shooting “plane” is the same.
- Flanking- Great maneuver because it affords us the opportunity to surround the enemy, and we are 90 degrees apart, so we can cover each other, and when things go sour, the shooting plane is completely different. Both team members can unload without worrying about the other. Think about this… The difference between cross fire and flanking is really the position of the target. We can be in the same spot, but if the target is at the correct angle, we are automatically flanking.
- Cover-Maneuver- Don’t remember a lot of info on this one, so I wing it. If you need to go from place to place, it is best to have someone that is concealed that has full view of the area, so suppressive fire or retaliation can be used as needed. I think that this is the placement of team members so that “cover fire” is a possibility.
- Back-to-Back- Benefits of this is that there is almost a full 360 degrees of sight, and almost 0 percent chance of cross fire or friendly fire.
- Cross Clearing- When coming out of a choke point, we use this to see in both directions. Each person against opposite walls with their backs, and at an angle where the shooting covers the other person, but isn’t in the same direction.
It is possible to use multiple sets of these concepts into an more complex maneuver, but the maneuvers are able to be adapted and changed for more effectiveness in ever-changing environments as long as the basic six concepts are known and understood. This will give base line knowledge to work from so we can gain more complex and in-depth maneuvers with full understanding and quick decision and reaction time.
Advanced Tactics: Situational Awareness & Home Self Defense from Darin Barry
Rory’s “basics” on terrain:
Large topic that can only be touched on in a single post. Several things that need to be considered in terrain:
- Cover- Meant to stand between fire and me. Subjective term, since the amount of cover provided is dependent upon the firearm being used. Angles effect cover as well.
- Concealment- They can’t see you. It may not stop anything, but not being seen can be a key advantage.
- Vision, including reflections and Shadows- To see around a blind corner, one could place sunglasses or a windowed door where the space can be negotiated from a point of safety. Manipulate shadows as best you can. The foe and yours are dead giveaways. Place yourself to maximize your information and minimize the threat’s.
- Movement Control- Places forcing flows where they have to pass by blind spots. Knowing these places allows threats to remain stationary and the targets come to them.
- Resource Access- Threats choosing predictable places to understand what can/will happen and how to take advantage of unaware targets.
- Escape Routes, Choke Points, Death Funnels- Funnels are used to concentrate fire on a group. Choke points are bottlenecks, and again will allow concentration of fire while slowing movements. It should be a habit in all locations to look for escape routes. Hiding strategies are troublesome when expecting escape, because your only route will be blocked by the threat.
- Unconventional Applications- Think about what can be changed in any situation. How will you counter their moves? Psychology plays a big role in terrain. Many people, even in emergencies respect, “Don’t Enter” or “Employees Only” signs (if they are good guys.) Bad guys don’t follow rules.
Understanding the terrain and how to manipulate it, is important. This will give you the advantage and edge in a confrontation. You can learn to take a defensive position and turn it into an offensive position based of controlling movement of the threat, as in choke points, and by maximizing your information… and minimizing his. Use the surroundings to your advantage.
By taking a couple of these different concepts and pairing them, I have though of a scenario where someone breaks into your house and is in a child’s room. It is important to respond to the situation. You move into the area of the door (with preplanned photos reflecting the threat’s silhouette) while your spouse has moved outside to flank him from the window. The spouse chooses the window (out of two) that is 90 degrees away from you. Concealed, the spouse can look for any tactical advantage to take down the threat while keeping the child safe. You are also looking for the same opportunity.
It is also possible that you both would enter through the door with a top-bottom technique so you both have shot priority.
This was just some spitballing and I realize the importance of such a scenario on the child’s life. It is best to practice many different scenarios in the home to help with your familiarity and tactical advantage in your home.
I think that using airsoft (many have the exact same setup and feel as the real thing) guns and foam bats and such are good tools for a non-lethal training. Also you should have a professional visit on occasion to verify your training, offer suggestions, and to stop any “bad habits” that may be forming.