Although I break down lots of different scenarios and maneuvers for you, there are two basic applications:
Since this is a military tactic, movement often is paired with suppressive fire. This principle is called “fire and movement.” I will discuss this maneuver in another post, so let me be general about it. Fire and Movement is typically where you provide suppressive fire at an enemy to allow another group or pair to advance and close in on the target. Then they do the same for you. This will allow both teams to advance toward their objective under the protection of suppression.
Individual Movement Techniques or IMTs can be thought of as “immediate actions.” These actions require very little thought. They are almost automatic.
Let’s say that you spot an enemy ahead. It doesn’t truly matter if that enemy sees you or not, you both will instantly take cover. Yes this is very basic but important.
Then if the enemy has seen you, your partner provides suppression while you attempt to move to a position near a 45 degree angle from him. This provides an advantage of multi-directional fire.
The same thing will happen if the enemy hasn’t seen you, but probably without suppressive fire. You move. Your partner will watch, and fire if the enemy spots your movements.
These are two variations of the same exact movements and, under lots of practice and training in the form of Battle Drills, can be done safely with very little thought or calculation.
Let’s consider another scenario, such as being fired upon from your flank. Your IMT may be to immediately take cover. Once you take cover and your partner or team has done the same, everyone begins to go into the mode of multiple attack directions. Once everyone is in place, they look to you for direction.
The large benefit of IMTs is the fact that the squad, platoon, group, etc. can take a predictable and beneficial action based on certain stimuli. This will allow the “leader” of the group to quickly assess the situation and begin giving supplementary actions for the team to take based on the circumstances and scenarios.
For those of you that want to begin learning them, Ranger Handbook: Not For The Weak or Fainthearted has 8 battle drills in Chapter 6.
It is important, if you are defending your home or neighborhood, to take some time out to practice drills doing something that could even be fun… Paintball courses.
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